Did you know that even a messy refrigerator can be one of the causes of household waste?
Correct arrangement of the food inside the refrigerator can affect the correct storage and also onenergy efficiency.
Fortunately, a few little tricks are enough to avoid food waste.
How to best preserve the various food products, then?
"First in, first out"
The first rule can be summarized with an acronym: FIFO. In English it stands for "first in, first out", or "what first enters, first comes out": order products giving priority to those with short expiration or less recently purchased.
The trick is to put the food you just bought behind or under the packages we bought previously: stop to yogurt hidden in the bottom of the fridge.
Check the temperature of your refrigerator periodically
Just put a thermometer on the central shelf, wait 30 minutes behind closed doors and check what has been recorded.
You should expect a value between 2 ° C and 4/5 ° C inclusive.
IMPORTANT: Do not overfill the refrigerator shelves and keep products away from the walls to allow adequate circulation of cold air.
Use closed containers
Keep food in the refrigerator in the special resealable and possibly reusable containers, in order to avoid that different products come into contact and could pose health risks. Same thing goes for the freezer, and remember to indicate the freezing date on fresh food or on food already cooked and then frozen.
Organize the shelves
You should know that each refrigerator is designed to have a specific order in the arrangement of food.
The drawers at the bottom are designed to accommodate fruit and vegetables.
On the shelf just above, which is the coldest, meats, fish and raw foods must be stored.
In the central and upper area of the fridge are already cooked foods, cold cuts, sauces, dairy products and cheeses.
Finally, in the side door he places mainly chocolate, sauces, juices and bottles.
Watch out for the deadline
A small reminder: the wording "To be consumed by" indicates the limit beyond which the product must not be consumed, for health and hygiene reasons. "To be consumed preferably by" instead tells us that after the date indicated some characteristics may have changed, but the product can still be consumed without risk, obviously within a reasonable time.
However, it is important to remember that the expiry date refers to the product stored in the unopened package while, once the package is opened, the food must be consumed as soon as possible.
Use the right material for each food
The materials in which food is stored in the refrigerator can be great allies against waste.
At home, use the appropriate film for each food: aluminum should be used for meat and fish, as it acts as a screen for light and oxygen, slowing down degradation. Fresh cheeses can be stored in glass containers avoiding plastic, while for aged ones the Apepak is ideal, a wrapper of organic cotton and 100% compostable beeswax (you can put it in the cart at the end of this article).
The paper is ideal for storing fruit and vegetables because it allows them to breathe properly.
Remember that some foods don't go in the fridge
How many of you keep onions and potatoes in the refrigerator? Well, it is not necessary and it is often harmful.
Same thing happens for the esotic fruit, especially avocado, mango and bananas (in this condition it is more prone to blackening).
Another very common mistake is to keep tomatoes in the refrigerator to make them last longer. Indeed in fridge Yes withthey are needed more, but low temperatures interrupt ripening, altering texture and flavor. Better to put them outdoors, in a cool place.
As for the bread, on the other hand, even if the temperature of the fridge will allow it not to dry out in a short time, the risk will be to make it become spongy. At this point it is advisable to store it in one bag of cotton to keep it more fragrant or a good way to preserve it is also to freeze it: a quick passage in the oven, at the moment of use, will make it fresh again.
The risk with coffee, on the other hand, is that with low temperatures and humidity it loses all its fantastic aroma, absorbing the odors of other foods.
As you have seen, only a few precautions are enough to avoid food waste, in this way each of us can do their part, however small.